Medical practice decades behind science

Some explorers, lie Jacques Cartier in 1856, learned that eating certain foods helped cure scurvy. Cartier's crew ate spruce tree needles; other crews at oranges, lemons, limes, and berries. In 1742, British physician James Lind wrote the first real scientific discussion about the possibility that scurvy was a dietary deficiency. In his classic experiment, Lind demonstrated that patients given lemon juice recovered from scurvy. Although some explorers adopted Lind's finding by rationing citrus fruits on long voyages--Captain James cook's crew avoided scurvy altogether in his three long voyages between 1768 and 1779--the British Navy did not adopt the use of lime juice rations for its crews until 1804, some 62 years after Lind's discovery for integrating scientific information about the importance of nutrition.

Encyclopedia of Nutritional Supplements, Dr Michael T. Murray, ND

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