LOW density lipoproteins
Abstract:A new compound, kaempferol 3-O-(2''-O-galloylrutinoside) (1), was isolated from the white flower of Nymphaea candida, together with nine known flavonol glycosides, kaempferol (2), kaempferol 3-O-?-d-glucopyranoside (3), kaempferol 3-O-?-l-rhamnopyranoside (4), kaempferol 3-O-?-l-rhamnopyranosylglucopyranoside (5), kaempferol 7-O-?-d-glucopyranoside 3-(O-?-l-rhamnopyranosylglucopyranoside) (6), quercetin (7), quercetin 3-O-?-d-xylopyranoside (8), myricetin (9), myricetin 3'-O-?-d-xylopyranoside (10). The structure of 1 was established on the basis of the analysis of its 1D and 2D NMR spectral data. Compounds 1-7 and 9 exhibited moderate to significant antioxidant activities, which were evaluated by measurement of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in vitro. Compounds 1, 3, 4, 6 and 9 exhibited promising neuroprotective effects on ischemic injury model of cultured rat cortical neurons treated with sodium dithionite in glucose-free medium. Furthermore, compounds 1, 5, and 9 had distinct cytotoxicity to adrenal gland pheochromocytoma, PC12 cells, being treated by the same way.
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